Accounting for half of the population and 48% of the labour force, Vietnamese women are present in all sectors and regions, proactively taking part in social activities and patriotic movements with listless excellent achievements. At the same time, they successfully fulfil their role as wives and mothers, provide emotional support and binding family members together.
The government’s sound policies have improved the health of women and children significantly but there remain a number of problems undermining their health and affecting their quality of life.
Vietnam was one of the earliest countries to complete the goal of universal primary education with a high rate of literacy but overall the educational level of women, especially those living in remote and mountainous regions, remains low.
Highly-qualified women account for just a small part of the workforce and Vietnamese women’s full potential and creativity have yet to be fully tapped. A Politburo report shows that the ratio of women who occupy government roles has also yet to meet the set targets.
To meet the needs of the new era and with regard to issues facing women, it is necessary to focus on developing the female workforce, especially high-qualified members, while paying attention to disadvantaged, ethnic and mountainous women.
The government at all levels needs to introduce specific measures in order to produce marked improvements in the quality and effectiveness of policy implementation towards women.
It is also necessary to raise gender awareness among government officials, Party members and people from all walks of life so as to create an attitude of respect and gratitude toward women across society, and to denounce any discrimination against or harassment of women.
The Vietnamese Women’s Union and its local chapters need to better fulfil their mission of taking care of and protecting the legitimate rights of women whilst encouraging women to strictly follow the Party and State’s policies and their far-reaching impacts on the public.
The union should also review current regulations and study issues facing women and young girls in this age of international integration as the basis to propose new policies concerning gender equality, female labour, social security, and female professional development.
The comprehensive development and enhancement of the female workforce are highly significant to increasing the overall workforce’s quality, meeting the requirements of sustainable development and helping to accelerate industrialisation and modernisation.